Myrmecophilia tibicinis

 Schomburgkia tibicinis

Myrmecophilia tibicinis                                                                                                                                                  photo C. Solimbergo
(Epidendrum tibicinis)   
taxonomy described by (Bateman) Rolfe, Robert Allen
  published in      Orchid Review  25 ( 291 ) : 51    mar. 1917
  family  Orchidaceae
  subfamily Epidendroideae
  tribe Epidendreae
  subtribe Laeliinae
  genus Myrmecophilia  Rolfe 1917
  metabolism  CAM pathway, stomata of the leaves are open at night.  
    (K.Silvera, L.S. Santiago, J.C. Cushman, K. Winter - International Symposium on Plant Biology, August 2013)
    it is useful give the soluble mineal nutriens, on the roots.
native of origins

deciduous forests in Mexico (Chiapas, Champeche, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Yucatan), Belize (Toledo, Corozal, Cajo), 
Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua (Chontales, Granada, Masaya, Matagalpa, Rivas), Costa Rica (Alayuela, Guanacaste)

  altitude 0 - 1050 m  (0 - 3465 ft)

climate informations from Liberia (Guanacaste, Costa Rica)


Köppen climate classification : Aw, tropical savanna climate (with a dry season and a rainy season)


the weather station data (temperatures are calculated for an altitude of 500 m / 1650 ft) :

    Myrmecopilia tibicinis b gr uk
  photoperiod in Liberia this orchid blooms with a photoperiod, which varies during the year, from 12 h 43 m' to 11 h 17 m'
  life form epiphyte
  brightness    full sun
inflorescence     length 120 - 140 cm  (48" - 56"), apical  
  nr flowers 12 - 15, fragrants
  size single flower  5 L 6 cm  (2" L 2.4") - inflorescence  25 L 17 cm  (10" L 6.8")
  duration inflorescence length, ≈ 60 - 90 days
  time to bloom from birth, ≈ 120 days
CITES appendix II

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