Masdevallia civilis

Masdevallia civilis 

Masdevallia civilis                                                                                                                                                            photo C. Solimbergo
taxonomy described by Reichenbach, Heinrich Gustav  &  von Rawicz Warszewicz, Joseph
  published in     Bonplandia (Hannover)  2 : 115    1854
  family Orchidaceae
  subfamily Epidendroideae
  tribe Epidendreae 
  subtribe Pleurothallidinae
  genus Masdevallia  Ruiz & Pavon 1794
  chromosomes         2n = 36
  metabolism  C3 pathway, stomata of the leaves are open during the day.
    (K.Silvera, L.S. Santiago, J.C. Cushman, K. Winter - International Symposium on Plant Biology, August 2013)
    soluble mineral nutriens are effective both, foliar or on the roots.
native of origins

cloud forests on limestone lands, in the grass,  Venezuela, Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas,
Valle del Rio Porce), Ecuador, Peru (Cajamarca, Piura)

  altitude 1500 - 3500 m  (4950 - 11550 ft)

climate informations from Cajamarca (Cajamarca, Peru)


Köppen climate classification : Bsk, cold-dry steppe climate


the weather station data (temperatures are calculated for an altitude of 2500 m / 8250 ft) :

    Masdevallia civilis b gr uk
  photoperiod in Cajamarca this orchid blooms with a photoperiod, which varies during the year, from 12 h 28 m' to 11 h 32 m'
  life form geophyte
  brightness    partial shade to low
inflorescence       length 4 - 5 cm  (1.6" - 2") from the base of the leaf 
  nr flowers 1 - 2, fragrants
  size single flower  0.6 L 0.6 cm  (0.24" L 0.24") - deep  2 cm   (0.8")
  duration single flower, ≈ days     
  time to bloom from birth, ≈ 30 days 
CITES appendix II

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