Grammatophyllum scriptum


Grammatophyllum scriptum                                                                                                                                         photo C. Solimbergo
taxonomy described by (Linnaeus)  von Blume, Carl Ludwig
published in    Rumphia  4 : 48    1849
family Orchidaceae
subfamily Epidendroideae
tribe Cymbidieae
subtribe Cymbidiinae
genus Grammatophyllum  Blume 1825
chromosomes   2n = 40  

CAM pathway, stomata of the leaves are open at night.

    (K.Silvera, L.S. Santiago, J.C. Cushman, K. Winter - International Symposium on Plant Biology, August 2013) 
    it is useful give the soluble mineal nutriens, on the roots. 
native of origins lowland forests, on coconut trees, close to the sea, lagoons, in Malaysia (Borneo), Indonesia (Moluccas,  
Seram, Kaloa, Kobisanta, Banda Peira, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands), Papua (Manus), 
The Philippines, Solomon Islands (Buoganville, Siwai, Kieta, Santa Ysabel)
altitude 0 - 100 m  (0 - 330 ft)

climate informations from Kendari (South East Sulawesi, Indonesia)

Köppen climate classification : Af, humid tropical climate of the rainforest
    (no winter season, more abundant rainfall) 
    the weather station data (temperatures are calculated for an altitude of 50 m / 165 ft) :
    Grammatophyllum scriptum a gr uk
  photoperiod  in Kendari this orchid bloom with a photoperiod, that varies during the year, from 12 h 16 m' to 11 h 44 m' 
life form epiphyte
brigthness    full sun 
inflorescence     length 170 - 190 cm  (68" - 76"), basal  
nr flowers 36 - 48
size single flower  7 L 7 cm  (2.8" L 2.8") - inflorescence  90 L 20 cm  (36" L 8")
duration inflorescence  ≈ 120 - 140 days
time to bloom from birth, ≈ days       
CITES appendix II

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