Cymbidium ensifolium

Cymbidium ensifolium

Cymbidium ensifolium                                                                                                                                          photo C. Solimbergo
(Epidendrum ensifolium  Linnaeus)

described  by 

(Linnaeus)  Swartz, Olof (Peter)

published in 

Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis  6 : 77    1799
  family Orchidaceae
  subfamily    Epidendroideae
  tribe Cymbidieae
  subtribe Cymbidiinae
  genus Cymbidium  Swartz 1799
  chromosomes  2n = 40 
  metabolism  CAM pathway, stomata of the leaves are open at night. 
    (K.Silvera, L.S. Santiago, J.C. Cushman, K. Winter - International Symposium on Plant Biology, August 2013)
    it is useful give the soluble mineal nutriens, on the roots.
native of origins

evergreen forests, in moist soil or on limestone rocks covered with moss, in Sri LankaIndia

    Burma, Cambodia, Thailand (Doi Sutep), Viet Nam (Cao Bang, Ha Giang, Hoa Binh, Kon Tum,
    Thanh Hoa, Lang Son, Ninh Thuan, Quang Binh, Son La), China (Auhui, Fujian, Guangdong,
    Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zizang, Zizhiqu, Yunnan, Zhejiang),
    Hong Kong, Japan (Ryukyu Archipelago), Malaysia (Borneo, Mt. Kinabalu), Singapore,
    Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi), Taiwan, Papua, The Philippines (Luzon)
  altitudie 300 - 1800 m  (990 - 5900 ft)
  habitat climate informations from Jangxi (Jangxi, China)
    Köppen climate classification : Cfa, humid subtropical climate in all seasons, with very hot summers
    the weather station data (temperatures are calculated for an altitude of 1000 m / 3300 ft) :
    Cymbidium ensifolium a gr uk
  photoperiod in Jangxi this orchid bloom with a photoperiod, that varies during the year, from 13 h 30 m' to 10 h 30 m'
  life form geophyte or litophyte 
  brightness     partial shade
inflorescence   length

30 - 35 cm (12" - 14"), basal 

  nr flowers 4 - 7, fragrants
  size single flower  7 L 5 cm  (2.8" L 2") - inflorescence  15 L 14 cm  (6" L 5.6")
  duration inflorescence25 - 30 days
  time to bloom from birth, ≈ 40 - 60 days   
CITES appendix II

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